Africa continent information – Facts (How many countries in Africa?)

Africa continent information – Facts (How many countries in Africa)

List of Countries with Capital in Africa

Africa is the world’s second largest most-populous continent after Asia. It has 56 countries. This continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to north, the Isthumus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Africa’s largest country by area : Algeria

Africa’s largest by population : Nigeria

Largest river in Africa : Nile river

No. of time zone  in Africa : 6 (range from UTC/GMT -1 to UTC/GMT + 4)

Africa Continent Countries

African Country Capital City
Algeria Algiers
Angola Luanda
Benin Porto-Novo
Botswana Gaborone
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou
Burundi Bujumbura
Cameroon Yaoundé
Cape Verde Praia
Central African Republic Bangui
Chad N’Djamena
Comoros Moroni
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
Djibouti Djibouti
Egypt Cairo
Equatorial Guinea Malabo
Eritrea Asmara
Ethiopia Addis Ababa
Gabon Libreville
Gambia Banjul
Ghana Accra
Guinea Conakry
Guinea-Bissau Bissau
Ivory Coast Abidjan, Yamoussoukro
Kenya Nairobi
Lesotho Maseru
Liberia Monrovia
Libya Tripoli
Madagascar Antananarivo
Malawi Lilongwe
Mali Bamako
Mauritania Nouakchott
Mauritius Port Louis
Morocco Rabat
Mozambique Maputo
Namibia Windhoek
Niger Niamey
Nigeria Abuja
Republic of the Congo Brazzaville
Rwanda Kigali
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé
Senegal Dakar
Seychelles Victoria
Sierra Leone Freetown
Somalia Mogadishu
South Africa Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria
South Sudan Juba
Sudan Khartoum
Swaziland Mbabane
Tanzania Dodoma
Togo Lomé
Tunisia Tunis
Uganda Kampala
Zambia Lusaka
Zimbabwe Harare
Latitude 35° S and 37° N
Longitude 50° E and 17° W
Population 1022234000 (2nd)
Area 30065000 sq km (approx) (20.4% of the world)
Oceans and Seas Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Guinea, Mediterranean Sea
Highest Point Kilimanjaro (5895 m)
Lowest Point Lake Assol (-156.1 m)
Straits Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb and Straits of Gibraltar
Islands Madagascar, Cape, Verde Islands, the Connors, Mauritius and Seychelles
Plateaus The entire continent is a plateau.
  • Three types of palm trees are found in Africa viz Coconut palm, Oil palm and Date palm.
  • It is the second largest continent after Asia and about nine times the size of India.
  • It is situated in South of Europe and South-East of Asia. It is bound by Mediterranean sea in the North, the Atlantic ocean in the West and South-West, the Indian ocean in the East and Red sea in the North-East.
  • Africa belongs to all four hemispheres and bulk of the continent lies in tropics. It is joined to Asia by the narrow isthmus of Suez and separated from Eurasia at three different points (Strait of Gibraltar, Suez canal and the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb).
  • It is the only continent, which is crossed by Tropic of Cancer, Equator and Tropic of Capricorn.
  • It is also called as Dark Continent because the greater part of its vast interior remained little known to the outside world until the last century.

Physical Aspects of Africa

Mountains Atlas, Ethiopian Highlands, Mt Kenya, Mt Elgon, Mt Kilimanjaro, Drakensberg, Mt. Cameroon, Mt Rouwenzori, Katanga Plateau and Jos Plateau
Rivers Nile, Zaire or Congo, Niger, Orange, Limpopo, Zambezi
Lakes Kariba, Nayasa, Mweru, Tanganyika, Edward, Tana, Nassar, Chad, Volta and Assal
Deserts Sahara, Sahel, Libyan, Arabian, Nubian, Namib and Kalahari

Important Information of Africa

-> Lake Victoria is the largest lake of Africa, which is located between Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. It is source to White Nile river. The equator passes through it.

-> Nasser lake is a man-made lake which lies on Nile river and located between Egypt and Sudan.

-> Nile river is the longest river of the world and life blood of Egypt.

-> The White Nile and the Blue Nile meet at Khartoum (Sudan) to form Nile.

-> Congo river cuts equator twice.

-> Port Harcourt of Niger is located on Niger Delta.

-> The Zambezi river includes the Victoria fall, one of the largest falls in the world. It makes the natural political boundary between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

-> The Orange river forms the natural boundary between South Africa and Namibia.

-> The Limpopo river cuts the Tropic of Capricorn twice and it separates South Africa from Botswana and Zimbabwe.

-> The highest peak of Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro and is located in Tanzania.

-> The three points where Africa almost touches Eurosia are Gibraltar, Suez and Bab-el-Mandeb.

-> The highest temperature in the world has been recorded at Al-Aziziyah (Libya) as 58° C making it the hottest place in the world.

-> Swahili is a famous language of Africa.

-> Sahara desert is the largest single stretch of desert which is 5150 km from East to West.

-> Kalahari desert is the home of the Africa’s one of the oldest races, the Kalahari Bushmen.

-> Food crops such as wheat, rice maize and cash crps such as cotton, coffee, cocoa, oil palm, sugar cane, rubber, tobacco are prominent in Africa.

-> Africa is rich in mineral deposits and these minerals are mostly found on the plateau, South of the Equator. The minerals found in Africa are diamond, gold, copper, bauxite, platinum, iron ore, petroleum, manganese etc.

Asia Continent Important Facts

Candidates can check the facts about Asia Continents by clicking on below link.

Important Information About Asia Continent

All the best for your upcoming exam!

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