Bharat Ratna Award Winner List With Full Details

Bharat Ratna Award Winner List With Full Details

Bharat Ratna‘ is the India’s highest award given to a civilian. It is awarded for the highest degrees of national service. This service includes artistic, literary and scientific achievements, as well as public service. It is instituted on 2 January, 1954 by the president Rajendra Prashad of India . This is provided by the President of India of 26 January. any persion without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for this award.

  • This award can be provided to a foreigner.
  • 48 personalities were honoured with Bharat Ratna so far. Recommendation were made by the prime minister to President of India.
  • This award can be provided after the death of a person. It is provided to a 14 people after the death till now.
  • Bharat Ratna can be provided only to a maximum of  Number of three people in a year.
  • This award is closed by The Janta Party In 1977, but it rebegan  by the Congress Government in the year 1980. after the rebeginning of of Bharat Ratna, This is provided to Mother Taresha first of all in 1980.
  • Recipients of Bharat Ratna receives a Sanad(Certificate) signed by the president and a peepal leaf-shaped meda; There is no monetary grant associated with the award.
  • The First three recipient of Bharat Ratna were C. Rajagopalchari, Dr. S. Radhakrishan and Dr. C. V. Raman in 1954 while Khan Abdul Ghaffer Khan was the first foreigner to be honoured with this award in 1987.
  • Lal bhadur Shastri became the 1st Individual to be honoured with Bharat Ratna Posthumously.

About the Peepal- Leaf- Shaped  Medallion

The decoration is  about 5.8 cm long, 4.7 cm wide and 3.2 mm thick It is of toned bronze. The medal is made with a metal of copper. It has of two sides Front and Back.

bharat ratna

Recipients of Bharat Ratna Awards

SI Name Year Details about
Him /  her
1. Chakravarti Rajagopalchari 1954 Last Governor General,

Independence activist

2. Dr. Sarvepalli RadhaKrishnan 1st and 2nd  President of
3. Dr. Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman Physicist
4. Dr. Bhagwan Das 1955 Kashi Vidtya Founder,
Author, Independence activist
5. Dr. Mokshagundan Civil Engineer, Dewan of Mysore
6. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru 1st Prime Minister of India
7. Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant 1957 Chief Minister of Utter Pradesh,
Home Minister
8. Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve 1958 Social reformer, Educator
9. Rajarshi Purushottam Das
1961 Independence activist,
10. Dr. Bidhan Chandra (B.C) Roy Chief Minister of West Bengal
and a physician
11. Dr. Rajendra Prashad 1962 1st President of India,
Independence activist
12. Dr. Zakir Hussain, 1963 3rd President of India, Scholar,
Independence Activist
13. Dr. Pandurang Vaman(P.V) Kane Indologist and Sanskrit Scholar
14. Lal Bahadur Shastri(Posthumous) 1966 Independence activist,
2nd Prime Minister of India
15. Mrs. Indira Gandhi 1972 3rd Prime Minister of India
16. Varahagiri Venkat(V.V) Giri 1973 4rth President of India,
Trade Unionist
17. Kumaraswami(K.) Kamraj(Posthumous) 1976 Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu,
Independence Activist
18. Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu(Mother Terasa) 1980 Founder of Catholic
and Charity
19. Acharya Vinoba Bhave (Posthumous) 1983 Social Reformer, Independence
20. Khan Abdul Ghaffer Khan 1987 First Non-citizen,
Independence Activist
21. Marudur Gopalan(M.G) Ramacharan(Posthumous) 1988 Film Actor, Chief Minister
of Tamil Nadu
22. Dr. Bhim Rao Ramaji Ambedkar(Posthumous) 1990 Social Reformer,
Chief Architect of
Indian Constitution,
Dalit Icon, Scholar,
Historian, Politician
23. Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Leader of Anti-Apartheid
2nd Non-Citizen and
Non-Indian Recipient
24. Rajiv Gandhi (Postumous) 1991 6th Prime Minister of
25. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel (Postumous) 1st Home Minister
of India, Indpendence
26. Moraji Ranchhodji Desai Independence Activist,
4th Prime Minister
27. Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai(J.R.D) Tata 1992 An Industrialist,
28. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad(Posthumous) Independence Activist,
1st Minister of Educator
29. Satyajit Ray(Posthumous) Filmmaker
30. Aruna Asaf Ali(Posthumous) 1997 Independence activist
31. Gulzarilal Nanda (Posthumous) Independence acti
32. Dr.Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen(A.P.J)
Abdul Kalam
11th President of India,
Aeronautical Engineer
33. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu (M.S)
1998 Classical Singer
34. Chidambaram(C.) Subramanian Independence Activist,
Minister of Agriculture
35. Professor Amartya Sen 1999 Economist
36. Pt. Ravi Shankar Sitar Player
37. Loknayak Jay Prakash Narayan(Posthumous) Independence Activist
38. Gopinath Bordoloi(Posthumous) Independence Activist,
Chief Minister of Assam
39. Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar 2001 Playback Singer
40. Ustad Bismillah Khan Player of Hindustani
Classical Shehnai
41. Pt. Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi 2009 Hindustani Classical Singer
42. Prof. C.N.R. Rao 2014 Indian Scientist
43. Sachin Tendulkar 1st Player and the
youngest one to get
‘Bharat Ratna
44. Atal Bihari Bajpal 2015

11th Prime Minister of India,
45. Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya(Posthumous) Educational popularly known as
46. Pranab Mukherjee  


Former Prime Minister of India
47. Bhupen Hazarika(Postumous) Indian Playback singer, musician
48. Nana Ji Deshmukh(Postumous) Honoured with Padam

Vibhushan Award in 1999

All the best for your upcoming exam!

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