Mineral and Energy Resources Important Questions and Answer

Mineral and Energy Resources Important Questions and Answer PDF

Minerals are homogeneous and naturally occurring substance with a definite internal structure in ore. Simple funda to remember of obtaining elements (ROME).

Rock (R) -> Ore(O) -> Mineral (M) -> Elements (E)

Mineral and Energy Resources Important Questions and Answers

Types of Mineral – (a) Metallic – Ferrous and Non Ferrous (b) Non-Metallic – limestone, nitrate, potash, mica, gypsum

-> Minerals are an indispensable part of our lives.

-> Almost everything that we use, from the tiny pin to a towering building or a big ship are all made from minerals.

-> The railway lines and the tarmac (paving) pf the roads, our implements and machinery are all made from minerals.

->  Cars, buses, trains, aeroplanes are manufactured from minerals and run on power resources.

-> The food we at also contain minerals. In all stages of development,human beings have used minerals for their livelihood, decoration, festivities, religious and ceremonial rites.

Manganese Ore -> Preparation Iron and steel, paint and bleaching powder

Ferrous Minerals Non-Ferrous Minerals
Minerals which have iron content. Minerals which do not have iron content
They help in the development of metallurgical industries, e.g. Iron ore, mangnese They play an important role in a number of metallurgical, engineering and electrical industries like copper, lead, zinc, gold

Conventional and Non-conventional Sources of Energy

Conventional Sources of Energy Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
Traditional sources of energy produced from coal, petroleum and natural gas. Recently developed sources of energy developed from the sun, wind, tides etc.
They are non-renewable. They are renewable
Their generation is expensive Their generation is very cheap
They pollute the atmosphere on a large scale They are pollution free sources.

1. Petroleum is referred to as liquid gold because of its

(a) scarcity (b) diversified use (c) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’ (d) Neither ‘a’ nor ‘b’

2. Match the following

List I List II
A. GAIL 1. 1984
B. ONGC 2. 1956
C. Atomic Energy Commission 3. 1954
D. Atomic Energy Institute at Trimbay 4. 1948

Codes (a) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4 (b) A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3 (c) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4 (d) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

3. Match the following

List I (Oil Refineries) List II (States)
A. Bina 1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Tatipaka 2. Madhya Pradesh
C. Numaligarh 3. Asam
D. Koyali 4. Gujarat

Code (a) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4 (b) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4 (c) A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1 (d) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4

4. Consider the following statements

(a). India is poorly endowed with non-ferrous metallic minerals excepts bauxite.

(b). Odisha is the leading producer of manganese.

(c). Copper is mixed with gold to provide strength to jewellery.

(d). Copper deposits are mainly occur in Sringhbhum.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 2, 3 and 4 (c) 1, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

5. Which is not a factor of industrial location?

(a) Market (b) Capital (c) Power (d) Population density

6. Consider the following statements

A. Gurgaon-Delhi-Meerut region is located far away from the mineral and power resources.

B. Electrics, light engineering and electrical goods are major industries of this region.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only A (b) Only B (c) Both A and B (d) Neither A and B

7. Consider the following statements

A. Industries discouraged in or very close to large cities due to environmental reasons.

B. Mining, telecommunications, highway construction and management have been thrown open to private companies.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

8. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

A. Idukki : Thermal power station

B. Sabarigir : Hydroelectric project

C. Ghatprabha : Irrigation project

D. Ramganga : Multipurpose project

Select the correct answer using the code given below

(a) B, C and D (b) A, B, C and D (c) C and D (d) A and B

9. Match List I (Ores) with List II (States where they are mined) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists.

List I List II
A. Managa 1. Madhya Pradesh
B. Nickel 2. Odisha
C. Lead-Zinc 3. Rajasthan
D. Asbestos 4. Andhra Pradesh

Codes (a) A-1, B-3, C-3, D-4 (b) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1 (c) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4 (d) A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1

10. Local supply of coal is not available to

(a) TISCO, Jamshedpur (b) VSL, Bhadravati (c) HSL, Durgapur (d) HSL, Bhilai

11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists.

List I (Minerals) List II (Typical areas of occurence)
A. Coal 1. Bhandara
B. Gold 2. Karanpura
C. Mica 3. Hutti
D. Manganese 4. Nellore

Codes (a) A-1, B-3, C-2, D-4 (b) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1 (c) A-3, B-4, C-2, A-1 (d) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3

12. Match the following

List I (Coal Mine) List II (State)
A. Nemchik 1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Pench Velley 2. Asom
C. Singaeni 3. Madhya Pradesh
D. Umralong 4. Meghalaya

Codes (a) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1 (b) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4 (c) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1 (d) A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2

13. Which one of the following countries has replaced Italy as the major importer of bauxite from India?

(a) Canada (b) Greece (c) Ukraine (d) United Arab Emirates

14. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

List I (Minerals) List II (Mining area)
A. Graphite 1. Bellary
B. Lead 2. Didwana
C. Salt 3. Rampa
D. Silver 4. Zawar

Codes (a) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2 (b) A-1, B-4, C-2, D-3 (c) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2 (d) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4

15. Which one of the following types of coal contains a higher percentage of carbon than the rest?

(a) Bituminous coal (b) Lignite (c) Peat (d) Anthracite

16. The Ravva offshore block, with great potential for oil, is located in

(a) Krishna-Godavari Basin (b) Cauveri Basin (c) Mahanadi Basin (d) Palar-Pennar Basin

17. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists.

List I (Coalfields of India) List II (State)
A. Jharia 1. Tamil Nadu
B. Raniganj 2. Odisha
C. Talcher 3. Jharkhand
D. Korba 4. Paschim Banga
5. Chhattisgarh

Codes (a) A-3, B-4, C-2, D-5 (b) A-2, B-5, C-1, D-4 (c) A-3, B-5, C-2, D-4 (d) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-5

18. India is comparatively not rich in which one of the following minerals compared to the other three?

(a) Bauxite (b) Copper (c) Iron (d) Mangnese

19. Arrange the following oil refineries of India from West to East

A. Koyali B. Bongaigaon C. Mathura D. Haldia

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1-2-3-4 (b) 1-3-4-2 (c) 3-1-2-4 (d) 2-4-3-1

20. For which one of the following is Lamba in Gujarat, famous?

(a) Cultivation of oil yielding plants (b) Wind power plant (c) Oil refinery (d) Uranium enrichment plant

21. In which one of the following is higher percentage of carbon found?

(a) Lignite coal (b) Peat coal (c) Bituminous coal (d) Anthracite coal

22. Which one of the following states of India is the largest producer of lignite coal?

(a) Maharashtra (b) Gujarat (c) Madhya Pradesh (d) Tamil Nadu

23. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

List I (Place) List II (Famous for)
A. Balaghat 1. Oil field
B. Katni 2. Iron Ore
C. Singrauli 3. Manganese
D. Kalol 4. Bauxite
5. Coal

Codes (a) A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3 (b) A-3, B-4, C-5, D-1 (c) A-3, B-5, C-4, D-1 (d) A-1, B-2, C-5, D-3

24. Consider the following statements with regard to the mining industry of India

A. The spatial distribution of minerals is uneven.

B. The mining industry since colonial days has been export-oriented.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only A (b) Only B (c) Both A and B (d) Neither A nor B

25. Consider the following statements

A. Appellate Tribunal for electricity has been establish by each State Government in India.

B. One of the component of the Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme (APDRP) is the upgradation of sub-transmission and distribution system for electricity in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only A (b) Only B (c) Both A and B (d) Neither A nor B

26. Match List I (Minerals) with List II (Producing Areas) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

List I List II
A. Manganese 1. Bilaspur
B. Bauxite 2. Hazaribagh
C. Coal 3. Balaghat
D. Mica 4. Dhanbad

Codes (a) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2 (b) A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4 (c) A-1, B-3, C-2, D-4 (d) A-1, B-3, C-4, D-2

27. Shahgarh area in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan was in news in the year 2006 because of which one of the following?

(a) Finding high quality gas reserves (b) Finding uranium deposits (c) Finding zinc deposits (d) Installation of wind power units

28. In which one of the following districts, have large reserves of diamond-bearing kimberlite been discovered in the recent past?

(a) Hoshangabad (b) Raipur (c) Sambalpur (d) Warangal

29. Consider the following statements

A. Balaghat is known for its diamond mines.

B. Majhganese is known for its manganese deposits.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only A (b) Only B (c) Both A and B (d) Neither A nor B

30. Match List I (Industrial Unit) with List II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

List I List II
A. Damanjodi alumina refinery 1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Debari zinc smelter 2. Maharashtra
C. Ramgiri gold field 3. Odisha
D. Taloja copper project 4. Rajasthan

Codes (a) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3 (b) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3 (c) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2 (d) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

31. Very high grade iron ore found in India is limited and restricted mainly to

(a) Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh

(b) Degana in Rajasthan

(c) Hospet area of Karnataka

(d) Bailadila mines of Madhya Pradesh

32. Match List I (Region) with List II (Resources available) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists.

List I List II
A. Kathiawar and Kachchh 1. Iron ore
B. Chambai Valley and Kota 2. Limestone, bauxite
C. Danakarnya 3. Petroleum, coal and natural gas
D. Upper Brahmaputra and Hill region 4. Non-ferrous metals, limestone

Codes (a) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3 (b) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3 (c) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2 (d) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

33. Among the following states, which one does not have any significant coal resources?

(a) Andhra Pradesh (b) Bihar (c) Chhatisgarh (d) Maharashtra

34. Consider the following areas A. Bastar B. Bellari C. Singhbhum D. Tiruchirapalli

Which of the above areas have iron ores?

(a) A, B and C (b) A and D (c) Only C (d) A, B, C and D

35. In the questions given below are two statements labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). In the context of the two statements which of the following is correct?

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(c) A is false but R is false

(d) A is false but R is true

Assertion (A) The Kudremukh Iron ore Company Limited shut down its mining operations recently.

Reason (R) The intense mining in the area over the decades has depleted the area of its iron ore.

36. An LPG pipeline, the longest of its kind in the world, dedicated to the nation recently by the Prime Minister was between

(a) Dibrugarh and Vishakhapatnam (b) Dibrugarh and Loni (c) Jamnagar and Vishakhapatnam (d) Jamnagar and Loni

37. Which one of the following is the first state to have fully privatised its power distribution network?

(a) Maharashtra (b) Odisha (c) Uttar Pradesh (d) Paschim Bangal

38. Which one among the following is a correct sequence of production of coal in the Indian states in descending order?

(a) Jharkhand – Madhya Pradesh – Paschim Banga – Meghalaya

(b) Paschim Banga – Madhya Pradesh – Jharkhand – Meghalaya

(c) Jharkhand – Paschim Banga – Meghalaya – Madhya Pradesh

(d) Madhya Pradesh – Jharkhand – Paschim Banga – Meghalaya

39. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists

List I (Mineral) List II (State)
A. Bauxite 1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Mica 2. Odisha
C. Copper 3. Madhya Pradesh
D. Zinc 4. Rajasthan

Codes (a) A-4, B-1, C-3, D-2 (b) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4 (c) A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2 (d) A-2, B-3, C-1, D-4

40. Which one among the following is not a source of renewable energy?

(a) Hydroelectricity (b) Solar energy (c) Fuel cell (d) Wind energy

41. Iron ore from Kudremukh is most likely to be exported through

(a) Goa (b) Kochi (c) Manglore (d) Ennore

42. Consider the following statements

A. Lamba in Gujarat is famous for wind power plant.

B. Manikaran in Himachal Pradesh is famous for geothermal energy plant.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only A (b) Only B (c) Both A and B (d) Neither A and B

43. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

List I (Mineral) List II (Mine)
A. Bauxite 1. Balaghat
B. Copper 2. Korba
C. Iron ore 3. Singareni
D. Coal 4. Keonjhar

Codes (a) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3 (b) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2 (c) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2 (d) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3

44. Consider the following statements regarding power sector in India

A. The installed capacity of power generation is around 95000 MW.

B. Nuclear plants contribute nearly 15% of total power generation.

C. Hydroelectricity plants contribute nearly 40% of total power generation.

D. Thermal plants at present account for nearly 80% of total power generation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only A (b) B and C (c) C and D (d) A and D

45. Consider the following statements

A. Damodar Valley Corporation is the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India.

B. Damodar Valley Corporation includes thermal and gas power stations.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only A (b) Only B (c) Both A and B (d) Neither A nor B

46. Match List I (Minerals) with List II (Location) and select the correct answer using the codes given below

List I List II
A. Coal 1. Giridih
B. Copper 2. Jayamkondam
C. Manganese 3. Alwar
D. Lignite 4. Dharwar

Codes (a) A-1, B-4, C-3, D-2 (b) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1 (c) A-1, B-3, C-4, D-2 (d) A-2, B-4, C-3, D-1

47. Which one among the following statements regarding India’s coal is not correct?

(a) 98 % of reserves of coal in India belongs to Gondawana period.

(b) Unknown amount of coal lies buried under the Ganga alluvium and Deccan Trap

(c) Bituminous coal is found in both lower Gondawana rocks and in Tertiary rocks.

(d) Gondawana coal is mainly found in the river valleys of Damodar, Mahanadi and Godavari.

48. Which rock consists of single mineral?

Ans – Limestone

49. Which region in India is devoid of economic minerals?

Ans – Alluvial plains in North India

50. Name the finest quality of iron ore that has good magnetic property in it?

Ans – Magnetite

51. Where was first time Petroleum drilled in India?

Ans – Digboi (Assam)

52. Why do we need to conserve mineral resources?

Ans – Minerals are non-renewable and exhaustible and there need to be conserved to meet the needs of present as well as future generations. They are depleting faster because- (a) Minerals are unevenly distributed. (b) Minerals are used extensively in industries and economical development.

53. Explain the use of petroleum as an energy resource and as an industrial raw material?

Ans – Petroleum is a major source of energy next to coal in India. (a) It provides for heating and lighting. (b) Lubricants for machinery to reduce friction. (c) It provides raw material for petrochemical industries and a large number of manufacturing industries. (d) Oil refineries act as a ‘Nodal industry for synthetic textile, fertilizer industries.

54. Why is coal called the most important source of energy even today in India?

Ans – Coal is the most important source of energy in India because (a) India has abundance reserves of coal which meets a greater part of our energy requirements. (b) It is used for generation of thermal power in thermal power plants. (c) used also as an energy resource both for domestic and industry purposes.

55. Which is the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India? What are its major forms? Write main features of each form?

Ans – The most abundantly available fossil fuel in India is coal. The three major forms of coal are : (i) Lignite (ii) Bituminous (iii) Anthracite

 

Coal is found in sedimentary rocks and is formed due to compression of plant material over millions of years. Therefore, coal is found in a variety of forms depending on the degrees of compression and the depth and rime of their burial. It is used for power generation, to supply energy to industry as well as for domestic needs. There are four main varieties of coal in India.

Anthracite is the highest quality hard coal and contains over 80% carbon. It has the highest heating value and burns without smoke or soot. It is found only in Jammu and Kashmir in small quantities.

Bituminous is the most popular coal used for commercial purposes mainly for smelting of Iron. It is found deep under the earth with high temperature.  It is most widely used and contains 60-80% carbon. It is dense, brittle with high percentage of carbon and less moisture content. It is found in Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal and Madhya

Lignite is a low grade brown coal, which is soft with high moisture content (60 % carbon). It varies from dark to black brown. It is found in Rajasthan, Neyveli in Tamil Nadu, Assam and Jammu and Kashmir.

Peat : This is the first stage of transformation of wood into coal and cntains 50 to 60% carbon. It bruns like wood, gives less heat, emits more smoke and leaves a lot of ash after burning.


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