HCS Syllabus 2021 PDF Download – Prelims & Mains Exam, Interview

HCS Syllabus 2021 PDF Download – Prelims & Mains Exam, Interview | Hindi

HPSC HCS exam is one of the toughest exam in Haryana conducted to recruit the candidates for the Haryana Civil Services (HCS) executive branch. It has three stages. So, HCS (Ex. Br.) & Other Allied Services Examination will consist of 3 successive stages. HPSC HCS syllabus is not mentioned in the HCS notification. We are here providing the official HCS syllabus. Check the Prelims & Mains Exam pattern in this article.

HSC Syllabus for Prelims & Main Exam

HPSC HCS Recruitment 2021: Selection Process

Selection process of Haryana HPSC HCS Vacancy 2021 includes the following stages:

  • Preliminary Written Exam (200 Marks)
  • Mains Written Exam (600 Marks)
  • Personality Test/ Interview (75 Marks)
  • Document Verification
  • Medical Examination

Preliminary Written Exam (for screening only)

  • It shall comprise of two papers: Total 200 Marks
  • Both the Question papers shall be of objective type (multiple choices) questions and each paper shall be of two hours duration.
  • Mode of Exam: Offline (Objective Multiple Choice Questions)
  • Both the Question papers shall be set bilingual i.e. in English and Hindi.
  • For each wrong answer, one fourth (0.25) mark shall be deducted.
  • The Paper – II i.e. Civil Services Aptitude Test shall be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
  • The result of preliminary examination shall be based on the marks
    obtained in Paper – I only, provided that the candidate has scored 33% marks in Civil Services Aptitude Test (Paper – II).

HPSC HCS Prelim Exam pattern

Paper Subject Name Total Marks
I General Studies 100
II Civil Services Aptitude Test 100

Paper-1 General Studies Syllabus

  • General Science : Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and understanding of science including matters of everyday observation and experience, as may be expected of a well educated person who has not made a special study of any particular scientific discipline.
  • Current events of national and international importance : In current events, knowledge of significant national and international events will be tested. In current events, knowledge of significant national and international events will be tested.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement : Questions on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth century resurgence, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence
  • Indian and World Geography : In Geography, emphasis will be on Geography of India. Questions on the Geography of India will relate to physical, social and economic Geography of the country, including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources.
  • Indian Culture, Indian Polity and Indian Economy : Questions on Indian Polity and Economy will test knowledge on the country‘s political system and Constitution of India. Panchayati Raj, social systems and economic developments in India.
  • General Mental Ability : On general mental ability, the candidates will be tested on reasoning and analytical abilities.
  • Haryana-Economy and people. Social, economic and culture institutions and language of Haryana.

Paper-2 Civil Services Aptitude Test

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, order of magnitude, etc.-Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, date sufficiency etc. – Class X-level).

HPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Pattern

  • Haryana Civil Services Main Exam is a descriptive type exam comprising five conventional essay type question paper.
  • Aspirants need to opt for two optional subjects from a list of 23 optional subjects.
  • Mains Exam Mode : Descriptive
Paper No. Subject Marks Time
I English (Including Essay) 100 3 Hours
II Hindi (Including Essay) 100 3 Hours
III General Studies 100 3 Hours
IV Optional Subject Part-I 150 3 Hours
V Optional Subject Part-II 150 3 Hours

List of Optional Subjects

Mathematics Agriculture
Economics Psychology
Botany Animal husbandry & Veterinary science
Political science & international relations Commerce & Accountancy
Law Punjabi literature
Chemistry Public administration
Zoology Civil engineering
Physics Mechanical engineering
Electrical engineering Anthropology
Geography English Literature
Sociology Geology
Indian history Hindi Literature
Philosophy Medical Science

Syllabus for Main Written Exam Compulsory Subjects

Below is the syllabus for Mains Exam.

English AND English Essay

The aim of the paper is to test the candidate‘s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express
his ideas: clearly and correctly in English.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:

English —–
(i) Precis Writing
(ii) Comprehension of given passages
(iii) Essay
(iv) Usage and Vocabulary
(v) General Grammar/Composition

Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be
expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely.
Credit will be given for effective, and exact expression.

Hindi and Hindi Essay

  • (i) Translation of and English passage into Hindi.
  • (ii) Letter/Precis writing.
  • (iii) Explanation of Hindi passage (prose and poetry) in the same language.
  • (iv) Composition (idioms, correction etc.).
  • (v) Essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given.

General Studies

The nature and standard questions in these papers will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate‘s general awareness of a variety of subject which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services.


(a) History of Modern India and Indian Culture

The History of Modern India, will cover history of the country from about the middle of the nineteenth century and would also include questions on important personalities who shaped the freedom movement and social reforms. The part relating to Indian Culture‘ will cover all aspects of Indian culture from the ancient to modern times.

(b) Geography of India

In this part, questions will on the physical, economic and social geography of India.

(c) Indian Polity

This part will include questions on the Constitution of India, Political system and related matters.

(d) Current National issues and topics of social relevance.

This part is intended to test the candidate‘s awareness of current national issues and topics of social relevance in the present-day India, such as the following : Demography and Human Resources and related issues. Behavioural and social issues and social welfare problems, such as child labour, gender equality, adult literacy, rehabilitation of the handicapped and other deprived segments of the society, drug abuse, public health etc. Law enforcement issues, human rights, corruption in public life, communal harmony etc. Internal Security and related issues. Environmental issues, ecological
preservation, conservation of natural resources and national heritage. The role of national institutions, their relevance and need for change.


(a) India and the World

This part is intended to test candidate‘s awareness of India‘s relationship with the world in various spheres, such as the following:-
Foreign Affairs External Security and related matters. Nuclear Policy. Indian abroad.

(b) Indian Economy

In this part, questions will be on the planning and economic development in India, economic and trade issues foreign trade, the role and functions of I.M.F. world Bank, W.T.O. etc.

(c) International Affairs and Institutions.

This part will include question on important events in world affairs and on international institutions.

(d) Developments in the field of science and technology, communications and space. In this part, questions will test the candidate‘s awareness of the developments in the field of science and technology, communications and space and also basic ideas computers.

(e) Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams

This part will include exercises to test the candidate‘s ability to draw common sense conclusions from information presented in statistical, graphical or diagrammatical from and to point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein.

Haryana Civil Services Mathematics Syllabus – Optional Subject

(1) Linear Algebra

  • Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspaces, bases, dimensions, Linear transformations, rank and nullity, matrix of a linear transformation.
  • Algebra of Matrices; Row and column reduction, Echelon form, congruence‘s and similarity; Rank of a matrix; Inverse of a matrix; Solution of system of linear equations; Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, characteristic polynomial, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Symmetric, skew-symmetric, Hermitian, skewHermitian, orthogonal and unitary matrices and their eigenvalues.

(2) Calculus

  • Real numbers, functions of a real variable, limits, continuity, differentiability, mean-value theorem, Taylor‘s theorem with remainders, indeterminate forms, maxima and minima, asymptotes; Curve tracing; Functions of two or three variables; Limits, continuity, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Lagrange‘s method of multipliers, Jacobian.
  • Riemann‘s definition of definite integrals; Indefinite integrals; Infinite and improper integral; Double and triple integrals (evaluation techniques only); Areas, surface and volumes.

(3) Analytic Geometry

  • Cartesian and polar coordinates in three dimensions, second degree equations in three variables, reduction to Canonical forms; straight lines, shortest distance between two skew lines, Plane, sphere, cone, cylinder, paraboloid, ellipsoid, hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their properties.

(4) Ordinary Differential Equations

  • Formulation of differential equations; Equations of first order and first degree, integrating factor; Orthogonal trajectory; Equations of first order but not of first degree, Clairaut‘s equation, singular solution.
  • Second and higher order liner equations with constant coefficients, complementary function, particular integral and general solution.
  • Laplace and Inverse Laplace transforms and their properties, Laplace transforms of elementary functions. Application to initial value problems for 2nd order linear equations with constant coefficients.

(5) Dynamics and Statics

  • Rectilinear motion, simple harmonic motion, motion in a plane, projectiles; Constrained motion; Work and energy, conservation of energy; Kepler‘s laws, orbits under central forces.
  • Equilibrium of a system of particles; Work and potential energy, friction, Common catenary; Principle of virtual work; Stability of equilibrium, equilibrium of forces in three dimensions.

(6) Vector Analysis

  • Scalar and vector fields, differentiation of vector field of a scalar variable; Gradient, divergence and curl in cartesian and cylindrical coordinates; Higher order derivatives; Vector identities and vector equation.
  • Application to geometry: Curves in space, curvature and torsion; Serret-Furenet’s formulae.
  • Gauss and Stokes‘ theorems, Green’s indentities


(1) Algebra

  • Groups, subgroups, cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange‘s Theorem, normal subgroups, quotient groups, homomorphism of groups, basic isomorphism theorems, permutation groups, Cayley‘s theorem. Rings, subrings and ideals, homomorphisms of rings; Integral domains, principal ideal domains, Euclidean domains and unique factorization domains; Fields, quotient fields

(2) Real Analysis

  • Real number system as an ordered field with least upper bound property; Sequences, limit of a sequence, Cauchy sequence, completeness of real line; Series and its convergence, absolute and conditional convergence of series of real and complex terms, rearrangement of series. Continuity and uniform continuity of functions, properties of continuous functions on compact sets.
  • Riemann integral, improper integrals; Fundamental theorems of integral calculus. Uniform convergence, continuity, differentiability and integrability for sequences and series of functions; Partial derivatives of functions of several (two or three) variables, maxima and minima.

(3) Complex Analysis

  • Analytic function, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, power series, representation of an analytic function, Taylor‘s series; Singularities; Laurent‘s series; Cauchy‘s residue theorem; Contour integration

(4) Linear Programming

  • Linear programming problems, basic solution, basic feasible solution and optimal solution; Graphical method and simplex method of solutions; Duality.
  • Transportation and assignment problems.

(5) Partial Differential Equations

  • Family of surfaces in three dimensions and formulation of partial differential equations; Solution of quasilinear partial differential equations of the first order, Cauchy‘s method of characteristics; Linear partial differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients, canonical form; Equation of a vibrating string, heat equation, Laplace equation and their solutions.

(6) Numerical Analysis and Computer Programming

  • Numerical methods: Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations of one variable by bisection, Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods, solution of system of linear equations by Gaussian Elimination and Gauss-Jorden (direct), Gauss-Seidel (iterative) methods. Newton‘s (forward and backward) and interpolation, Lagrange‘s interpolation.
  • Numerical integration: Trapezoidal rule, Simpson‘s rule, Gaussian quadrature formula.
  • Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Eular and Runga Kutta methods.
  • Computer Programming: Binary system; Arithmetic and logical operations on numbers; Octal and Hexadecimal Systems; Conversion to and from decimal Systems; Algebra of binary numbers.
  • Elements of computer systems and concept of memory; Basic logic gates and truth tables, Boolean algebra, normal forms.
  • Representation of unsigned integers, signed integers and reals, double precision reals and long integers. reals and long integers.
  • Algorithms and flow charts for solving numerical analysis problems.

(7) Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics

  • Generalised coordinates; D‘Alembert‘s principle and Lagrange‘s equations; Hamilton equations; Moment of inertia; Motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions.
  • Equation of continuity; Euler‘s equation of motion for inviscid flow; Stream-lines, path of a particle; Potential flow; Two-dimensional and axisymmetric motion; Sources and sinks, vortex motion; Navier-Stokes equation for a viscous fluid.

Syllabus for HCS optional Subject

We will upload the syllabus for all optional subjects. For reading now, please visit to the notification pdf and search your optional subject.

Haryana Civil Services 2021 Apply Online – DSP, ETO, AETO & Other Posts

HPSC HCS Interview

Aspirants who score marks equal to or greater than the HCS cut off marks will be called for the personality test at the HPSC office premises. No aspirants will be called for the HCS interview unless the aspirants attains 45% marks in the aggregate of all the main written question papers and 33% marks in the Hindi and English question papers. The number of aspirants called for the HCS personality test will be three times the number of vacancies advertised

HCS Personality Test Total Marks – 75

Candidates can check more details into the notification – link

Must Read NCERT Books for UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2021 – Link

HCS Exam 2020 Syllabus – Link

Haryana Civil Services (HCS) Previous Year Questions Papers 2021

2014 English & English Essay – Link

Check the Previous Year Optional Paper – Link

HCS 2018 GS Prelims – Link

HCS 2018 GS Prelims – Link

All the best for your upcoming exam!

You can join or visit at Facebook Page or Twitter for always keep in touch with further updates.

Read more articles….

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *