A word used to replace/instead of noun/represents a noun to avoid repetition of a noun in a paragraph/essay.
Ex : He is very Intelligent.
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- Sita laughed so hard, milk came out of Sita’s nose.
- Rohan lifted the log. Rohan found a worm under the log.
So, these sentences don’t have pronouns, but what they do have is repeated nouns.
Here we have Sita and then we say Sita’s again and then we say Rohan and the log and then again we say Rohan and the log.We have relatively long attention spans, and so if we start off a sentence talking about Sita, and we are pretty sure that we’re still talking about Sita, we don’t need to say that name twice.
So what a pronoun doest is that it allows you take out the unnecessary noun when we are certain , we know we’re talking about.
That’s why you don’t have to say Sita a million times. You can replace Sita with her. Same thing applies to second sentences. we don’t have to keep on mentioning Rohan and the log.
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- Sita laughed so hard,milk came out of her nose.
- Rohan lifted the log. He found a worm under it.
In Simple word, a pronoun is a word that stands in for another word.
Kinds of Pronoun:-
Pronouns are classified into the following types.
- Personal Pronoun
- Possessive Pronoun
- Indefinite Pronoun
- Demonstrative Pronoun
- Reflexive Pronoun
- Intensive Pronoun
- Relative Pronoun
- Reciprocal Pronoun
- Interrogative Pronoun
- Distributive Pronoun
1. Personal Pronoun
A personal pronoun refers to a word used to represent a person or object or group of objects directly. E.g. I,He,She,You,It,They,We, Who.
Example: “She can be late today.”
Personal pronouns can also be objective, where they are the object of a verb, preposition or infinitive phrase. E.g. me,her,,him,it,you, them,us.
Example: “Shankar gave the mobile gift to her.’
A person pronoun describes a person or a thing in following ways.
Ist Person(the person who speaks): E.g. I,We,Me,Us
IInd Person(the person who is spoken to): E.g. You
IIIrd Person(a person or thing which is spoken about): E.g. She,He,They,It,Him, Them
|1st person Singular||I||Me||My/Mine|
|1st Person Plural||We||Us||Our/Ours|
|IInd Person Plural||You||You||Your/Yours|
|IIIrd Person Singular||She||Her||Her/Hers|
|IIIrd Person Plural||They||Them||Their/Theirs|
Usage of Personal Pronoun:
Nominative are subject pronoun and Accusative are objects pronoun.When a pronoun is a subject,then subject pronoun should be written in nominative case. When the pronoun is a object, the object pronoun should be writen in Accusative case.
- She is very noble woman.
- They are going to watch movie.
- He bought some potato for dinner.
- She called the servant.
Subject pronouns are often (but not always) found at the beginning of a sentence. More precisely, the subject of a sentence is the person or thing that lives out the verb.
- He broke my Slipper.
- He and I have always fight in everything.
- To him, I must now pay my children’s college funds.
By contrast, objects and object pronouns indicate the recipient of an action or motion. They come after verbs and prepositions (to, with, for, at, on, beside, under, around, etc.).
- I asked him for some orange.
- He told that he’d given me enough oranges already.
- The colleague I borrowed money from showed me a football and told me to pay him immediately.
- I tried to play with football, but he hit me with it anyway.
Whenever sentence begins with ‘it’, pronoun after ‘it’ should be in nominative case.
- It is he who pays the rent.
- It were we who called him.
2. Possessive Pronoun
Possessive pronoun show ownership or close possession.The term covers both possessive pronouns and possessive adjective.E.g. his,yours,hers,mine, ours, theirs etc.
When your noun is placed after a pronoun, user possessive pronoun(my,our,your,her,his,its,their).
When your noun is placed before noun, use adjective possessive pronoun(mine,ours,yours,hers,his,its,theirs).
- His book is the best.
- She took his car.
- My money is all gone
- His jockey was too fat.
- I gambled it all away on your horse race.
3. Indefinite Pronoun
These pronouns do not point to any particular nouns, but refer to things or people in general. Some of them are: few, everyone, all, some, anything, and nobody.
- Everyone is going to watch movie.
4. Demonstrative Pronoun
A demonstrative pronoun is the pronoun which points to a noun/a thing or things.
E.g. that,this,those,these,none,neither etc.
For near object- this,these
For far away object – that,those
- That book is new in market.
- This is my pen.
- Can you see that?
- Those girls are our classmate.
- These all are my uncle’s farm.
5. Reflexive Pronoun
These are the ones that end in “self” or “selves.” They are object pronouns that we use when the subject and the object are the same noun.
These pronoun expresses a noun when the subject’s action affects (or influence ) the subject itself.
E.g. herself,himself,yourself,yourselves, ourselves,itself,themselves are reflexive pronoun.
- I told myself not to spend all my money on new Jacket.
- She prepared herself for the test.
- My friend really hurt himself when he tripped on the stairs.
6. Intensive Pronoun
These pronouns are used to emphasize a noun or pronoun. These are: myself, himself, herself, themselves, itself, yourself, yourselves, and ourselves.
- He himself is going to do his work.
7. Relative Pronoun
These pronouns are used to connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun. These are: who, whom, which, whoever, whomever, whichever, and that.
- He is the man who wrote this article.
- The girl who is walking in the garden is very beautiful.
- It is the pen which i like most.
8. Reciprocal Pronoun
A reciprocal pronoun is used when two or more nouns(subjects) are reciprocating(inversion) to each other or one another in some action.
Two reciprocal pronouns are only exists here.
- One another
- Each Other
- We are one another classmate.
- Both are each other classmate.
- King and Servant greeted each other one another.
9. Interrogative Pronoun
These pronouns are used to begin a question: who, whom, which, what, whoever, whomever, whichever, and whatever.
Example : Which car are you buying?
10. Distributive Pronoun
This pronoun represent the division of thing into the group or sharing the equal part of thing into each other.
E.g. Every,Everyone, Each one,One
- Each of us has learnt it by heart.
- Every child has been provided a pen.
- Everyone has his/her bag.
- One must think positive for one’s nation.
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