Mughal Emperor Jahangir Khan History, Biography, Facts, Achievements

Mughal Emperor Jahangir Khan History In English PDF – Biography, Facts, Achievements | Mughal Emperor Jahangir History In English

Akbar’s eldest son, prince Salim assumed the title of Nuruddin Muhammad Jahangir and ascended the throne.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir Khan History

He was born at Fatehpur Sikri near Agra in 1569. He was given proper education by his tutor Rahim Khankhana. He was the 4th Mughal emperor and one of the most prominent rulers of the great empire. The throne was handed over to Prince Salim eight days after his father’s death and he was given the name of “Nuruddin Muhammad Jahangir Badshah Ghazi”. And at the age of 36, he started his reign of 22 years. Nuruddin Mohammad Salim, who was also known by his empire Jahangir as “World Worth”.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir Achievements

He ruled from 1605 till his death 1627. He is said to be one of the great empires of India and the fourth great emperor of the Mughal in Indian history. The whole love affair is different even after his name.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir Khan Facts

Birthday August 31, 1569
Sun Sign Virgo
Born In Fatehpur Sikri
Famous As Mughal Emperor
Died At Age 58
Father Akbar
Mother Mariam-Uz-Zamani
Place Of Death Kashmir
Meaning of Jahangir Winner of World
Wives Nur Jahan, Shah Begum, Jagat Gosain, Sahib Jamal, Malika Jahan, Nur-un-Nisa Begum, Khas Mahal, Karamsi, Saliha Banu Begum

Jahangir Anarkali Love Story

There is a story about him that he had a connection with Anarkali. His relationship has been described in a great way in history, in literature and in Indian cinema. Anarkali was a legendary favorite in the harem of Emperor Akbar. Apparently she had an affair with Akbar’s son, Prince Salim. One day Akbar saw her return Salim’ssmile, and as punishment she was buried alive in 1599. When Salim became Emperor Jahangir, he built her a magnificent tomb.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir Marriage Life

In AD 1585, he married to Manbai daughter of his maternal uncle Raja Bhagwan Das.

In AD 1587, he married to Jodhabai or jagat Gosain daughter of Udai Singh, who gave birth to prince Khusro (Shahjahan). He mostly lived in Lahore which he adorned with gardens and buildings.

Mirza was the daughter of Noor Jahan Iranian resident Mirza Gaas Beda. His real name was Mihar-uri-nisa. In 1549, Nurjahan was married to Sher Afghani. Jahangir had given the title of Lion Afghan as a lion to the Sher Afghani.

In 1611 AD, Jahangir married Mihar-uri-nisa, widow of Sher Afghan, a Persian nobleman of Bengal. Later on she was given the title Nurjahan. Nurjahan exercised tremendous influence over the state affairs. She was official made the official Padshah Begum. Jahangir’s wife Manabai died in 1604 AD.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir Son

Jahangir had five sons and 2 daughters.

(i) Khusro (ii) Khurram (iii) Shaharyar (iv) Jodder.

Khusro, Jahangir’s eldest son, had rebelled against his father in 1606. The war between Khusro and Jehangir’s army happened near Jalandhar and Khusro was put in jail. To assist Khusro, Jahangir hanged Arjun Dev, the 5th Guru of the Sikhs. Khusro was found by the guru in Goindwal. In 1622, Kandahar came out of the hands of the Mughals. Shah Abbas took over. (i.e. The eldest son of Jahangir, Khusrau revolted against him but was suppressed. Khusro received patronage of Guru Arjun Dev (5th Sikh Guru). Guru Arjun Dev was executed for his blessings to the rebel prince.)

Rana Amar Singh (son of Maharana Pratap) of Mewar submitted before Jahangir in AD 1615. Rana Amar Singh was made a Mansabdar in the Mughal Court.

His greatest failure was loss of Kandhar to Persia in 1622.

Jahangir Interest (Art and Architecture)

Jahangir / Jahangir had a keen interest in art, science and crafts. From the days of his youth he used to learn painting. He had kept developing a great deal of art in his empire.

During the reign of Jahangir, the painting of the Mughal ruler was developed very well. At that time it became a matter of great discussion all over the world. He was also interested in painting as well as in natural science. At that time, during the rule of Jahangir, famous images of the animals and trees of Pantor Ustad Mansur emerged. In his life, Ustad Mansur has gifted gold coins many times in his life.

Jahangir had an attachment with the creatures, so he also had many animal museums in his empire. Jahangir liked the art of European and Parsi art in addition to painting. Jahangir had developed the Parsi tradition in his empire. Especially when a Parsi queen, Noor Jahan had taken his mind.

Jahangir had told his army that “they should not force anyone to become a Muslim”. Jijahir was also refused Jijiya. Where the English priest Edward Terry of that time said, “Every person should go without any pressure on the will of his mind according to his will, only then a good empire will be built”. Everyone in the court of Jahangir was able to visit, even if he did not have any Qi of any religion. In his court both Sunni and Shias were given equal status to both Muslim and Muslim species.

Jahangir’s wife Nurjahan (daughter of Itamad-daulah) exercised tremendous influence over the state affairs. She was made the official Badshah Begum.

Nurjahan’s actual name was Mehrunnisa. She was widow of Sher Afghani. Jhangir married to her and conferred the title Nurjahan to her.

Coins were stuck in her name and all royal farmans beared her name.

She got high positions for her father (itamaduddaulah) and her brother (Asaf Khan).

He restored Mohammaden faith prohibited the sale of wine and tobacco.

Nurjahan married her daughter by Sher Afghani to Jahangir’s youngest son, Shahryar, and she supported him for the heir apparent.

Jahangir’s military general, Mohabat Khan revolted and abducted him but Nurjahan saved him due to her diplomatic effort.

He was justice loving, Huge bell with a chain of 30 yards was placed at the gate of royal palace in Agra and anybody who sought justice from the emperor had to strike the bell. This bell called Zanzir-i-Adil. Jahangir is also remembered for justice chains. This Zanjeer Shah Jahan was made of gold. The fort of Agra was attached to the stone pillar located on Shahbruz and Yamuna shores.

Jahangir faced a formidable opponent in Malik Amber of Ahmadnagar.

Jahangir gave the title of Pandit Raj to Jagannath, a Sanskrit poet.

Who was the first Englishman to visit Jahangir’s court?

He was the first Indian emperor to welcome an Englishman to the Mughal court – the Englishman was Captain William Hawkins, who was trying to obtain permission from Jahangir to open a factory in India

Captain Jawkin (1608-11) and Sir Thomas Roe (1615-1616) visited Jahangir’s court.

Pietxa Valle, famous traveller came during his reign.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir Tomb

He was buried at Ravi river in Lahore (Shahdara). His tomb is situated in Shahdara Bagh, Lahore, Pakistan

He wrote his autobiography, Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri in Persian. After the death of Jahangir, his son Shah Jahh became his successor.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir Khan History, Biography, Facts, Achievements PDF

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Mughal Emperor Jahangir Khan History PDF

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  1. Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram, known by his regnal name Shah Jahan not khusro. (Udai Singh, who gave birth to prince Khusro (Shahjahan).

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