List of Important Hydroelectric Power Plants In India | SSC, BANK, DEFENCE


Dear Aspirants, 

Hydro-electric power is the second most important source of power in India. Static GK is also an important part of any government exam, we are providing you the list of Important Hydroelectric Power Plants in India that might appear in any of the upcoming examinations.

Static is a section which you have to study in bits and parts. So do read it on a light note and revise it after two or three days and we can assure that you will retain the names and their states till the exam.

Hydro-electric Power Generation in 2011 : 13.9% of Total Power

Potential Power Generation In India : 410 billion kW

Download List of Important Hydroelectric Power Plant as PDF

Important hydropower power plant_1

What is a Hydroelectric Power Plant?

Hydro power is considered as one of the most economic and non polluting sources of energy. Power generated from water is termed as Hydroelectricity. Hydro electricity means electricity generated by hydropower or from the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water. One of the most common forms of power generation since this form of energy neither produces any direct waste matter nor is subjected to exhaustion. 

Click To Read Important Thermal Power Plants

List of Important and Major Hydro Electric Power Plants

1. Name : Tehri Dam (3 Stages)

Operator : THDC Limited, Uttarakhand

Community : Uttarakhand

Configuration : 2400 MW

Tehri Dam Hydro-electric power plant project is the highest hydro power generated project, commissioned in India, 2006. With the help of USSR, its technical construction was started in 1978.

2. Name : Srisailam Dam

Operator :APGENCO

Community : Andhra Pradesh

Configuration : 1670 MW

Srisailam is the second largest working hydro-electric power project in India. This dam is constructed on Krishna river at the border of (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana districts) and (Kurnool and Mahabubnagar districts) respectively.

3. Name : Nagarjunasagar Dam

Operator : Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation Limited

Community : Guntur, Andhra Pradesh

Configuration : 960 MW

Nagarjunasagar dam was commissioned in 1967. It is created by NJ Sagar dam built across Krishna River – spread in the Nalgonda district of Telangana and Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh states.

4. Name : Sardar Sarovar Dam

Operator : Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Ltd

Community :Navagam, Gujarat

Configuration :1450 MW

Sardar Sarovar Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Narmada river near Navagam in Gujarat. It is the largest dam of Narmada Valley Project.

4. Name : Sardar Sarovar Dam

Operator : Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Ltd

Community :Navagam, Gujarat

Configuration :1450 MW

5. Name : Baspa-II

Operator : Government of Himachal Pradesh

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration : 100 MW

6. Name : Nathpa Jhakri 

Operator : Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration :1500 MW (6 Turbinesx25 MW)

Nathpa Jhakri dam is concrete gravity dam constructed across Satluj River in Himachal Pradesh.

7. Name : Bhakra Nangal Dam (Gobind Sagar)

Operator : Bhakra Beas Management Board

Community : Sutlej River, Bilaspur – Himachal Pradesh

Configuration :1325 MW

Power generated by Bhakra Dam is shared between Himachal Pradesh and Punjab and most of the outflow water is used by Punjab and Haryana for irrigation. It is a concrete gravity dam built across Sutlej River at Bhakra villege in Bilaspur District of Himachal Pradesh.

8. Name : Dehar (Pandoh) Power Project

Operator : Bhakra Beas Management Board

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration : 990 MW

Pandoh dam was commissioned in 1977 for the primary purpose of hydroelectric power generation. It is built across Beas river in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh.

9. Name : Baira Suil

Operator : NHPC Ltd

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration : 180 MW

Baira Siul Power Station is a major step towards harnessing hydroelectric potential in Himachal Pradesh. It envisages utilization of the combined inflow of three tributaries of the Ravi river, namely Baira, Siul and Bhaledh for generation of power on run-of-the-river basis.

10. Name : Chamera-I

Operator : NHPC Limited

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration : 1071 MW

Chemera Dam is built on river Ravi, which is located near Dalhousie town in Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh.

11. Name : Chamera-II

Operator : NHPC Ltd

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration : 300 MW

Chamera II is a run of the river hydroelectric dam built by NHPC India. It was commissioned in March, 2004.

12. Name : Pong

Operator : Bhakra Beas Management Board

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration : 396 MW

The Pong Dam, also known as the Beas Dam, is an earth-fill embankment dam on the Beas River in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India, just upstream of Talwara. As the second phase of the Beas Project, construction on the dam began in 1961 and was completed in 1974.

13. Name : Uri Hydroelectric Dam

Operator : NHPC Ltd

Community : Jammu & Kashmir

Configuration : 480 MW

Uri power station is run-of-the-river (purely ROR) scheme.

14. Name : Dulhasti

Operator : NHPC Limited

Community : Jammu & Kashmir

Configuration : 390 MW

Dul Hasti is a 390 MW hydroelectric power plant in Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is gravity type of dam.

15. Name : Salal

Operator : NHPC Limited

Community : Jammu & Kashmir

Configuration : 690 MW

Salal Hydroelectric Power Station Stage-I and Stage-II is constructed on Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir.

15. Name : Sharavathi Project (Linganamakki Dam)

Operator : Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

Community : Karnataka

Configuration :1035 MW

Sharavathi Dam, officially known as the Linganamakki Reservoir, is built across Sharavathi river, about 6 kilometers away from Jog Falls.

16. Name : Kalinadi

Operator : Karnataka Power Corporation Limited

Community : Karnataka

Configuration : 150 MW

The dam is constructed across river Kalinadi. The dam was primarily built as hydroelectric project for supply of water to turbines of electric power generating station. The project started generating power since 1997. Teh Dam was built and is operated by KPCL since the year 1997.

17. Name : Idukki

Operator : Kerala State Electricity Board

Community : Kerala

Configuration : 780 MW

Idukki is the largest source of electricity in the state. It is built across Periyar River in Idukki district of Kerala. Commissioned in 1976 and dedicated to nation by then Prime Minister Smt.Indira Gandi.

18. Name : Bansagar Dam

Operator : Water Resources Department, Madhya Pradesh

Community : Madhya Pradesh

Configuration : 435 MW

Bansagar or Ban Sagar Dam is a multipurpose river Valley Project on Sone River situated in the Ganges Basin in Madhya Pradesh,

19. Name : Bargi Dam

Operator : BHEL Ind

Community : Madhya Pradesh

Configuration : 90 MW

Bargi Dam is one of the first completed dams out of the chain of 30 major dams to be constructed on Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh, India.

20. Name : Madikheda Dam

Operator : M.P. Electricity Regulatory Commission

Community : Madhya Pradesh

Configuration : 425Mw

21. Name : Omkareshwar Dam

Operator : Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation

Community : Madhya Pradesh

Configuration : 520MW

Omkareshwar Dam Power Station has an installed capacity of 520 MW. It is a gravity dam on Narmada river in Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh.

22. Name : Indira Sagar Dam, Narmada River

Operator : Narmada Valley Development Authority

Community : Madhya Pradesh

Configuration :1000 MW

Indirasagar Dam is a multipurpose project of Madhya Pradesh on the Marmada river at Narmadanagar, Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh.

23. Name : Loktak

Operator : NHPC

Community : Manipur

Configuration : 3×35 MW

Loktak Power Station (3×35 MW) is a multipurpose storage scheme to harness the hydro power potential of Loktak lake fed by Khuga and Imphal river.

24. Name : Khuga Dam

Operator : NPCC

Community : Manipur

Configuration : 1.5 MW

The project, which will supply electricity and water, was started in 1983 and resumed in 2002 after being at a standstill for a period of time.

25. Name : Koyana Hydroelectric Project (4 Stages)

Operator : MAHAGENCO, Maharashtra State Power Generation Co Ltd.

Community : Maharashtra

Configuration : 1960 MW

This project is constructed across Koyna river in Maharashtra. The Koyna Hydro electric project is the largest completed Hydal power project in India.

26. Name : Mulshi Dam

Operator : Tata

Community : Maharashtra

Configuration : 300 MW

Water from the dam is used for irrigation as well as for producing electricity at the Bhira hydroelectric power plant, operated by Tata Power. The station operates six 25MW Pelton turbines established in 1927 and one 150MW Pumped Storage Unit. Water from this reservoir located in Krishna river basin is diverted to the Bhira power house for generating Hydro electricity.

27. Name : Jayakwadi Dam

Operator : Government of Maharashtra

Community : Maharashtra

Configuration : 12 MW

It is located on Godavari river at the site of Jayakwadi village in Paithan taluka of Aurangabad district in Maharashtra State state of India. It is of Earthen da – type of dam and construction was began in 1965 and commissioned in November, 1984.

28. Name : Kolkewadi Dam

Operator : Maharashtra State Electricity Board.

Community : Maharashtra

Configuration : 320 MW

Kolkewadi Dam contributes in the 3rd stage of power generation of the Koyna Hydroelectric Project. The electricity is generated in the underground power station located at the base of the dam.

29. Name : Rangit 

Operator : NHPC Limited

Community : Sikkim

Configuration : 60 GWh

Rangit uses water of river Rangit for generation of Power. It is a ROR (run-of-the-river) with Pondage Scheme and commissioned in January, 2000.

30. Name : Teesta V Dam

Operator : NHPC Limited

Community : Sikkim

Configuration : 510 MW

Teesta-V is one of six hydropower projects in river Teesta in East Sikkim district with three turbines with a total installed capacity of 510 MW.

31. Name : Tanakpur

Operator : NHPC

Community :Uttarakhand

Configuration : 3×31.4 MW

Tanakpur Power Station (3×31.4 MW) is a run of the river scheme to harness the hydro power potential of Sharda River (Mahakali River in Nepal). It is located near the town of Tanakpur in the district of Champawat.

32. Name : Dhauliganga-I

Operator : National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Ltd

Community :Uttarakhand

Configuration : 4×70 MW

Dhauliganga Dam is a concrete face rock and earth-fill embankment dam on the Dhauliganga River near Dharchula in Uttarakhand, India close to the borders with Nepal and Tibet. It was commissioned in 2005.

33. Name : Loharinag

Operator : NTPC

Community :Uttarakhand

Configuration :  600 MW

Loharinag Project is located at Bhagirathi river. Loharinag Pala Hydro Power Project is a run-of-the-river hydroelectricity project. Its construction was started in 2006 and commissioned in October 2011.

34. Name : Luhri Dam

Operator :SJVNL

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration : 775 MW

The Luhri hydroelectric project is planned to come up between the villages of Nathan and Chaba (about 80 km from Shimla (HP). Himachal Pradesh.

35. Name : Vishnugad-Pipalkoti

Operator : VPHEP generating scheme

Community :Uttarakhand

Configuration : (4 x 111 MW)

Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project (4 x 111 MW) is located on Alaknanda River, a major tributary of river Ganga, in district Chamoli in the state of Uttarakhand. The nearest railhead is Rishikesh (225 Km) and the nearest Airport is Jolly Grant,  Dehradun (240 Km). The project is approachable by an all weather road (National Highway No. 58).

36. Name : Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Plant

Operator : Jaypee Group

Community : Himachal Pradesh

Configuration : 1000 MW

Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Plant is a 1200 MW run of the river power station on the Sutlej river in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh.

37. Name : Purulia Pass

Operator : West Bengal Electricity Distribution Company

Community : West bengal

Configuration :900 MW

Purulia Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Power Plant of West Bengal State Electric Distribution Company Limited is a project that can generate up to 900 MW power by discharging stored water from Upper Dam to Lower Dam through reversible pump turbine generator.

38. Name : Upper Indravati

Operator : Odisha Hydro Power Corporation

Community :Orissa

Configuration : 600 MW

Upper Indravati Dam is is a gravity dam on Indravati river with installed capacity of 600 MW.

39. Name : Ranjit Sagar Dam

Operator : Punjab State Power Corporation Limited

Community : Punjab

Configuration : 600 MW

Ranjit Sagar Dam, also known as Thein Dam, is part of hydro electric cum irrigation purpose dam constructed by the govt of Punjab on the Ravi River in Punjab.

40. Name : Belimela Dam

Operator : Odisha Hydro Power Corporation

Community : Orissa

Configuration : 510 MW

Belimela is a joint project of Andhra Pradesh and Orisha governments. The Belimela Reservoir is constructed in Malkangiri district of Odisha on the river Sileru, a tributary of Godavari river.

  • The first hydro-electric power station was set up in Mysore in 1902.
  • Seventy years after Independence, only nine  states – Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Goa, Sikkim, Haryana, Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu – of 28  and 6 union territories – Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Haveli, Lakshadweep and Puducherry have been officially declared totally electrified. Unfortunately this report does not indicate the quality or duration of the supply.
  • Approximately 16% of the world’s power is produced by hydro electric power stations.

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