(Latest List) States and Union Territory of India with their Capital & Official Language PDF
India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government.
- The President is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union. In the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of Executive.
- The system of government in states closely resembles that of the Union. After Jammu and Kashmir bifurcated into J&K and Ladakh, states becomes again 28 and 9 Union territories in the country.
- Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. From the largest to the smallest, each State/UT of India has a unique demography, history and culture, dress, festivals, language etc.
- This article introduces you to the various States/UTs in the Country and urges you to explore their magnificent uniqueness.
Jammu & Kashmir Bifurcation
Jammu and Kashmir reorganization bill passed by Rajya Sabha to bifurcate it into two union territories. One is Jammu Kashmir and other is Ladakh.
These two territories will not be same.
- Jammu Kashmir with the legislature.
- Ladakh without legislature
Union Territories without their own legislature
A UT, like Chandigarh, without legislator is not represented by elected representatives. It does not have chief minister. UTs without legislature send their representatives only to the Lok Sabha.
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
- Daman and Diu.
- Ladakh (proposed from 31 October 2019)
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Union Territories with their own legislature
A Union Territory with a legislature has its own assembly and elected MLAs. UTs with their own Legislatures send representatives to the Rajya Sabha, besides the Lok Sabha. The final decision rests with Lieutenant Governor, appointed by the Centre. The Lieutenant Governors are appointed by the President. UTs with legislative assemblies have partial statehood.
- Jammu & Kashmir (proposed from 31 October 2019)
- National Capital of Territory of Delhi
Former Union Territories
- Arunachal Pradesh (1972–1987)
- Goa, Daman and Diu (1961–1987)
- Himachal Pradesh (1956–1971)
- Manipur (1956–1972)
- Mizoram (1972–1987)
- Nagaland (1957–1963)
- Tripura (1956–1972)
States of India:
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi, Pahari|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||Hindi, urdu|
|West Bengal||Kolkata||Bengali, English|
Union Territories of India
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||English, Hindi|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh||English, Hindi, Punjabi|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Silvasa||English, Gujarati,Hindi, Marathi|
|Daman and Diu||Daman||English, Gujarati,Hindi, Marathi|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar||Urdu|
|Ladakh||Leh||Ladakhi, Urdu, Hindi|
|Delhi- National Capital Territory||Delhi||English, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu|
Difference between State and Union Territory of India
|State has its own administrative units with their own elected government.||Union Territories are constituent units which are controlled and administered by the Central Government.|
|The constitution head of the state is the governor.||The President acts as the executive head for the UT.|
|Chief Ministers administer the states.||An Administrator, appointed by the President administers the Union Territory.|
|A state also has its own Legislative Assembly and can form its own laws.||There is a provision that allows the setting up of a Legislative Assemble in a Union Territory as is the case with Delhi and Puducherry.|
|States also have a federal mode of relationship with the Union Government, unlike the Union Territories.||The powers in a state are distributed between the state and the union, while in a Union Territory, all powers are vested in the hands of the Union.|
|Large in Area||Small in area as compare to States.|
|States possess autonomy.||UT does not possess autonomy.|
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