CBI History, Branches, Appointment Process, Divisional PDF Download

CBI History, Branches, Appointment Process, Divisional PDF Download | CBI Dividend History | CBI Details | CBI Jobs Details

As India Premier Investigation agency CBI (Central Bureau Investigation) handles all high profile cases. Its jobs is to ensure fair and impartial proof but in recent days, agency has been in the news for all the wrong reasons. Two of the top officials of the agency director Alok Verma and special director Rakesh Asthana are involved in major feud that has forced to government intervene. Both officers has been sent on leave with the govt claiming to restore institutional integrity and credibility of CBI. Today in depth we will take a look on the reason and process of CBI and power granted to CBI.

CBI History, Branches, Appointment Process, Divisional PDF Download

Nageswar Rao is appointed as the interim director of CBI.

Finance Minister said that CVC received the details of charges that both officer level against each other. According to him, CVC recommended that accused or potential accused cannot be allowed to in-charge of investigation. SIT will look into the charges of both charges.

Internal Feud In CBI

-> Alok Verma vs Rakesh Asthana

-> Spat first of its kind in its CBI’s history.

-> Alok Verma reportedly objected to Rakesh Asthana’ s elevation as Special Director of CBI.

-> CVC cleared Asthana’s promotion in a unanimous decision.

-> PIL by NGO Common Cause rejected by Supreme Court.

-> Rakesh Asthana filed complaint against Alok Verma on August 24.

-> Asthana alleged Verma took a bribe of Rs 2 crore from an accused investigated by him.

-> Asthana alleged there are about 10 more cases of alleged corruption and irregularities against Verma.

-> Asthana alleged Verma tried to stop raids on Lalu Prasad.

-> CVC sought files of cases mentioned in Asthana’s complaint.

-> Alok Verma told CVC that Asthana’s role was under probe in at-least six cases.

-> Verma told CVC that Asthana can’t represent in panel meetings in his absense.

-> Asthana urged govt to intervene, sought independent probe into allegations levelled by Verma.

-> Differences between Verma, Asthana found way in media reports.

Escalating Feud In CBI

-> 15th Oct 2018 : CBI registers FIR against Rakesh Asthana for allegedly taking a bribe from an accused in lieu of ensuring relief.

-> Case filed on statement of alleged bribe giver, Sathish Sana.

-> Sana facing probe in separate case of bribery involving meat exporter Moin Qureshi.

-> CBI arrested Devender Kumar, a deputy SP in Rakesh Asthana’s team.

-> Asthana’s complaint against Alok Verma two months ago alleged that Sathish Sana paid Alok Verma Rs. 2 crore to get relief.

-> Rakesh Asthana approaches Delhi High Court.

-> Delhi HC directed CBI to maintain status quo on criminal proceedings initiated against Asthana till October 29.

CBI Appointment Process & Functions

-> Till 2014, appointments were made as per Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.

-> DSPE Act revised in 2003 on SC’s recommendation.

-> Central Govt formed a Committee headed by the CVC.

-> Committee had members from Central Vigilance Commission, Secretaries from Home Ministry, Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievances.

-> Committee would then send recommendations to Centre.

Appointment of CBI Director – Lokpal Act, 2014

-> The Lokpal Act, 2014 provides for a Committee for appointment.

-> Committee is headed by PM.

-> Leader of Opposition is a member of the Committee.

-> Committee has CJI or an Supreme Court Judge recommended by CJI as member.

Appointment of CBI Director – Shortlisting Candidates

-> Home Ministry sends list of candidates to DoPT (Department of Personnel and Training.).

-> DoPT prepares final list on the basis of seniority, integrity and experience in the investigation of anti-corruption cases.

-> Final list goes to the committee headed by PM.

Functions of CBI 

-> Investigating cases against Central Govt employees or concerning affairs of Central Govt.

-> Cases in which financial interests of Central Government are involved.

-> Cases relating to breaches of Central Laws.

-> Big cases of fraud, cheating, embezzlement

-> Cases committed by organised gangs or professional criminals having ramifications in several States.

-> Cases having inter-state and international ramifications.

CBI’s Journey

-> Special Police Establishment set up in 1941.

-> Investigated bribery, corruption cases of India during WW II.

-> 1946 : Delhi Special Police Establishment Act comes into force.

-> Home Ministry took charges of SPE Act to cover all departments of the Govt.

-> Jurisdiction extended to all Union Territories.

-> Jurisdiction to all states possible after consent from State Govt

-> Rechristened Central Bureau of Investigation in 1963.

CBI’s Function

-> Initially, Investigating corruption cases by Central govt employees.

-> But in due course, Employees of public sector

-> Public sector banks

-> From 1965 : Investigation of Economic offences.

-> 1965 : Conventional crimes on selective basis.

CBI Departments

-> 1987: CBI divided into two investigation divisions.

-> Anti-Corruption Division: Investigation of corruption cases.

-> Special Crimes Division: Conventional crime, besides economic offences.

CBI Regional Zones

-> Mumbai: Maharashtra, Gujarat and Goa

-> Hyderabad: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka

-> Chennai: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Pondicherry

-> Guwahati: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura

-> Kolkata: West Bengal, Odisha, Port Blair

-> Patna: Bihar, Jharkhand

-> Lucknow: Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand

-> Chandigarh: Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir

-> Bhopal: MP, Chhattisgarh

-> Delhi: Rajasthan, NCR

CBI Divisions

-> Anti-corruption Headquarter Zone

-> Economic Offences Zone I and II

-> Bank Security and Fraud Zone

-> Special Crime Zone

-> Special Task Force Zone

-> Multi-Disciplinary Monitoring Agency

-> Policy Division

-> Technical, Forensic and Coordination Zone

-> Central Forensic Science Laboratory

Recruiting For CBI

-> At present, CBI is headed by IPS of Director General of Police. Director has term of two years.

-> Officials recruited through SSC -> Director, Joint Director, Special Director, Additional Director, Deputy General of Police, Sub-Inspector, Assistant Inspector, Constables.

-> Deputation from Police, Income Tax Department and Customs Department

Note : SPE renamed Central Bureau of Investigation in 1963.

Difference Between CBI and CID

We often read or hear about cases investigated either by  CBI or CID. Both are two premier investigating agencies of India. Candidates have first join the police forece before becoming part of any of both agency.So you should know the differences.

Meaning CID or Crime Investigation Department is a department of Indian state police, that investigates the crime or offence committed within the state. CBI or Central Bureau of Investigation is an agency of the Central Government of India, which investigates the crime or offence committed across the nation.
Established 1902 by the British Government 1941 as a Special Police Establishment
Area of Operation Small i.e. within the state Large i.e. across the whole country
Exam After graduation the candidate should join the police force, and pass a Criminology exam to get into the CID After graduation the candidate should join police force, and pass the CGPE (Combined graduate preliminary exam) conducted by the SSC board to enter into the CBI
Tasks Deals with criminal cases within the state, including riot cases, murder cases and many more. Deals with economic and corruption cases across the country, including the interstate ramifications too.
Branches/ Divisions 1. Finger Print Bureau
3. Anti-Narcotics Cell
4. Anti-Human Trafficking & Missing Persons Cell
1 .Anti Corruption Division
2. Economic Offenses Division
3. Policy & Coordination Division
4. Special Crimes Division
5. Directorate of Prosecution
6. Central Forensic Science Laboratory
7. Administration Division


-> Investigation, intelligence department of state police

-> Looks at cases of murder, assault, riots or any offence committed within the state.

-> Established in 1902 by the British Government.

-> State govt hands over cases to CID.

-> High Courts can also assign cases to CID.


-> Agency of the central government

-> Investigate crimes committed across the nation.

-> Established in 1941 as a Special Police Establishment

-> Renamed Central Bureau of Investigation in April 1963.

-> Headquartered in New Delhi

-> Central govt authorises CBI to investigate cases in any state.

-> Supreme Court, High Court can ask CBI to investigate without state’s consent.

CBI Branches

-> Anti-Human Trafficking and Missing Persons Cell

-> Anti-Narcotics Cell

-> Finger Print Bureau


-> Economic Offences Division

-> Special Crime Division

-> Central Forensic Science Laboratory

-> Anti-Corruption Division

-> Policy and Coordination Division

-> Directorate of Prosecution and Administration Division

CBI History PDF Download

All the best for your upcoming exam!

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