List of Various Development and Employment Programme In India | At a glance

List of Various Development and Employment Programme In India

Under the employment programme, employers can  get  help to increase their employ-ability such as specialised training for industries they’re keen on. Employers also help by adopting practices like a buddy system to ease them into the job. This programme is aimed at helping disadvantaged NEET young people and unemployed return to the labor market.

List of Various Development and Employment Programme In India

List of Development and Employment Programmes In India

Programme Name Year of
Community Development Programme(CDP) 1952 Over all development of rural area with people’s participation.
Intensive Agriculrure Development Programme(IDP) 1960-61 To provide loan, seeds, fertilizer tools to the farmers.
Intensive Agriculture Area Programme(IAAP) 1964-65 To Develop the Special Harvests.
High Yielding Variety Programme(HYVP) 1966-67 To increase the productivity of food grains by adopting the latest variety of inputs for crops.
Indian Tourism Development Co-operation(ITDC) 1966 To arrange for the construction of Hotels and Guest Houses at various places of  the country.
Green Revolution 1966-67 To increase the food grains, specially wheat production.
Nationalisation of 14 Banks 19 July, 1969 To provide loans for the agriculture, rural development and others priority sector.
Employment Gaurantee Scheme of Maharashtra 1972-73 To assist the economically weaker section of the society.
Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme(ARWSP) For Providing drinking water in the villages.
Small Farmer Development Agency(SFDA) 1974-75 For technical and financial assistance to small farmers.
Command Area Development Programme(CADP) To ensure better and rapid utilization of irrigation capacities of medium and large products.
Twenty Point Programme(TPP) 1975 Poverty eradication and raising the standard of living.
National Institution of Rural Development(NIRD) 1977 Training, Investigation and advisory organisation for rural development.
Desert Development Programme(DDP) 1977-78 For controlling the desert expansion and maintaining environment balance.
Food For Work Programme(FWP) Providing foodgrains to labour for the works of development.
Antyodaya Yojana To make  the poorest families of the village economically independent
Training Rural Youth for Self Employment(TRYSEM) 15 August, 1979 Programme of training rural youth for self-employment.
Integrated Rural Development Programme(IRDP) 2 October, 1980 All round development of rural poor through a programme of asset of endowment for self- employment.
National Rural Employment Programme(NREP) 1980 To provide profitable employment opportunities to the rural poor.
Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas(DWCRA) 1982 To provide suitable opportunities of self-employment to the women belonging to the rural families who are living below the poverty line.
Farmer agriculture Service Centre’s(FASC’s) 1983-84 To popularize the use of improved agricultural instruments and tool kits.
Self Employment to the educated Unemployed Youth(SEEUY) To provide financial and technical assistance foe self-employment.
National Fund for Rural Development(NFRD) February,
To grant 100% tax rebate to donors and also to provide financial assistance for rural development projects.
Industrial Reconstruction Bank of India March,
To provide financial assistance to sick and closed industrial units for their reconstruction.
Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme 1st April, 1985 For insurance of agriculture crops.
Council for advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology(CAPART) 1st September,
To provide assistance for rural prosperity.
Self-Employment Programme for the Urban Poor(SEPUP) September,
To provide self employment to urban poor through provision of subsidy and bank credit.
Formation of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) April, 1988 To safeguard the interest of investors in capital market and to regulate share market.
Jawahar Rozgar Yojana 1st April,
For providing employment to rural unemployed.
Nehru Rozgar Yojana October,
For providing employment to urban unemployed.
Agriculture and Rural Debt relief Scheme(ARDRS) 1990 To exempt bank loans upto Rs.10,000 of rural artisans and weavers.
Scheme of Urban Micro Enterprises(SUME) To assist the urban poor for small enterprise.
Scheme of Urban Wage Employment.(SUWE) To provide wages employment after arranging the basic facilities for poor people in the urban areas where population is less than one lakh.
Scheme of Housing and Shelter Upgradation(SHASU) To provide employment by means of  shelter upgradation in the urban areas where population is between 1 to 20 lakh.
Supply of Improved toolkits to Rural Artisans July, 1992 To supply modern toolkits to the rural craftsmen except the weavers, tailors, embroiders and tabacco labourers who are living below the poverty line.
Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme(RLEGP) 15 August, 1993 For providing employment to landless farmers and labourers.
Employment Assurance Scheme(EAS) 2 October,
To provide employment of atleast 100 days in a year in village
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme(MPLADS) 23 December, 1993 To sanction Rs. 3 crore per year to every Member of Parliament for various development works in their respective areas through DM of the district.
District Rural Development Agency(DRDA) 1993 To provide financial assistance for rural development.
Mahila Samridhi Yojana 2 October, 1993 To encourage the rural women to deposit in Post Office Saving Account.
Child Labour Ersdication Scheme 15 August, 1994 To shift child labour from hazardous industries to schools.
Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme(PMIUPEP) 18 November, 1995 To attack Urban poverty in an integrated manner in 345 towns having population between 50,000 to 1 lakh.
Group Life Insurance Scheme in Rural Areas 1995-96 To provide insurance facilities to rural people on low premium.
National Social Assistance Programme(NSAP) 1995 To assist people living below the poverty line.
Ganga Kalyan Yojana 1997-98 To provide financial assistance to farmers for exploring and development ground and surface water resources.
Kasturba Gandhi Education Scheme 15 August, 1997 To establish girls schools in districts having low female literacy rate.
Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgr Yojana(SJSRY) December, 1997 To provide gainful employment to urban unemployed and under employed poor through self-employed or wage employment.
Bhagya Shree Bal Kalyan Policy 19 October, 1998 To uplifts the girls conditions.
Rajrajeswari Mahila Kalyan Yojana(RMKY) 19 October, 1998 To provide insurance protection to women.
Annapurna Yojana March,1999 To provide 10 kg foodgrains to senior citizens.
Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana(SJGSY) April, 1999 For eliminating rural poverty and unemployment and promoting self-employment.
Jan Shree Bima Yojana 10 August, 2000 Providing insurance security to people living below the poverty line.
Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana 2000 To fulfill basic requirements in rural areas.
Ashraya Bima Yojana June, 2001 To provide compensation to labourers who have lost their employment.
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana(PMGSY) 25 December, 2000 To line all villages with Pucca Road.
Khetihar Mazdoor Bima Yojana 2001-02 Insurance of landless agricultural workers.
Shiksha Sahyog Yojana Education for children below Poverty Line
Sampurna Gramin Rozgar Yojana 25 September, 2001 Providing employment and food security to rural people.
Jai Prakash Narain Rozgar Guarantee Yojana 2002-03 Employment guarantee in most poor districts.
Swajaldhara Yojana 2002 Started in Dec.2002, for ensuring drinking water supply to all villages by 2004.
Hariyali Pariyajana 2003 Inaugurated on January 27, 2003 by Prime Minister. It aims at tackling the problems of irrigation and drinking water, along with boosting tree plantation programme and fisheries development in rural areas.
Social Security Pilot Scheme 23 January, 2004 Scheme for labourers of unorganised sector for providing family pension, insurance and medical.
Janani Suraksha Yoajana 12 April,2005 Takes the place of National Maternity Benefit scheme. It will be a part of the National Rural Health Mission(NRHM).
Bharat Niraman Yajana 16 December, 2005 Development of Rural infrastructure including six components: Irrigation, Water Supply, Housing, Road, Telephone and Electricity.
National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme(NREGP) 2 February,2006 The provisions are the same as for food for work programme.The scheme was enforced in 200 districts of the country to began with. to provide atleast 100 days wages employment in rural areas in a year. The scheme is 100% centrally sponsored.
Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana 2007 Insurance cover to the head of the family of rural landless households in the country.

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